This book covers the topic of microplastics in water and wastewater. The chapters start with introductory issues related to the growing interest in the scientific community on microplastics and the human water cycle and point out where the microplastics could interact with water. The subsequent chapters examine evidence of the microplastic presence in freshwater, such as in both rivers and lakes, in freshwater biota, and hazardous chemicals associated with microplastics in such systems.

Another set of chapters discuss the presence of microplastics in wastewater: their sources; their transfer through a wastewater treatment plant; the concentration of microplastics in effluents throughout the world; the plastic biomedia used in wastewater treatment plants and the effect on the surrounding environment of effluent wastewater pipes. These chapters also discuss the sampling methods, the sample treatment and analysis techniques used so far for microplastics in wastewater. Additionally, the presence of microplastics in sewage sludge and in soils irrigated with wastewater or fertilized with sludge are discussed. The possible impact of plastics and their additives on plants, microalgae, and humans are reviewed and presented in a critical way. Finally, a chapter summarizes all the relevant regulations and initiatives that point to the necessity of a global directive for the protection of the environment from plastic and microplastic pollution.

The topic of microplastics in freshwater systems and in wastewater has scarcely been studied and requires more attention. Microplastics in Water and Wastewater aims to bring these initial findings to the attention of a broader audience and especially to operators and managers of freshwater and wastewater systems. It will also be helpful to people already aware of the marine debris problem to understand the sources of microplastics in the oceans, from freshwater systems and wastewater treatment plants.

Publication Date: 
Sunday, 15 September, 2019
Author Bio: 

Associate Professor Hrissi K. Karapanagioti was born in Patras, Greece. She graduated from the Department of the Environment at the University of the Aegean in 1992. In 1993, she moved to the USA to pursue graduate studies in the School of Civil Engineering and Environmental Science at the University of Oklahoma, receiving her Master of Environmental Science degree in 1995 and her Doctor of Philosophy in 2000, working on environmental reclamation of soils and environmental remediation of groundwater. During this time, she also spent 8 months in the Geology Department at the University of Tuebingen, Germany (1997–1998) and 1 month in the Department of Earth Sciences at the University of Waterloo, Canada studying field hydrogeology (in 1999).

In 2000, Professor Karapanagioti joined ICEHT, FORTH, Greece, as a Post- Doctoral Researcher on the EU project GRACOS, working on modeling pollution diffusion in the vadose zone. From 2001–2008, she worked as Adjunct Lecturer Professor in the Marine Sciences Department at the University of the Aegean, with a specialty in Marine Geochemical processes. In 2007, she joined the Department of Chemistry at the University of Patras, initially as Lecturer Professor and then, from January 2013, as Assistant Professor of Environmental Chemistry with emphasis on liquid pollution (tenured in September 2016) and, since September 2018, as an Associate Professor. In 2012, she spent two months as a Visiting Professor in the School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at Newcastle University, UK. Since 2007, she has also worked as an Adjunct Professor in the Waste Management Graduate Programme at the Hellenic Open University and, since 2011, as a part-time Level B Teacher Trainer for the Hellenic Pedagogical Institute.

In most years since 2003 Professor Karapanagioti has joined Expert Panels to review research proposals for the EU 6th, 7th and H2020 Framework Programme and, since 2010, she has also worked as a Research Programme Evaluator for the 7th EU Framework Programme in Brussels, Belgium. In 2017, she received her Master of Educational Studies from the Hellenic Open University, with a thesis on physical sciences teaching.

Professor Karapanagioti has received a number of national and international research grants. She has authored 73 papers/chapters in scientific journals and books, and edited 5 special issues in scientific journals and 2 books (including the current title). Additionally, she has published 4 papers in other scientific journals, 8 chapters in books, 2 chapters in an encyclopedia, 31 papers in conference proceedings, and has made more than 75 conference presentations, abstracts, invited talks, etc., with more than 1800 citations.

Professor Dr Ioannis K. Kalavrouziotis received his PhD in Environmental Geochemistry from the Department of Geology, University of Patras, Greece in 1999. From 2000–2013, he taught at the Department of Environmental and Natural Resources Management in Agrinio, University of Western Greece. From 2015–2018, he was Visiting Fellow in Environmental Biogeochemistry at the University of Derby, UK.

Currently, he is a Professor of the Hellenic Open University, School of Science and Technology having been appointed Director of Education on the Wastewater Management Masters Programme on 1 July 2013. He was appointed Dean the School of Science and Technology at the Hellenic Open University on 1 September 2016.

Professor Kalavrouziotis successfully completed administrative responsibilities as Agronomist of the Ministry of Agriculture (1988–2000) and was Director of the Western Greece Region Administration from 30 January 1993 to 25 November 1993. He was also a Member of the Administrative Board of the National Agricultural Research Foundation (NAGREF) (2005–2009) and was President of the Sector for the Management of the Messologion Lagoon (Ministry of Environment, Physical Planning and Public Works) from June 2006–January 2009. He was a member of the Administrative Board of the Geotechnical Chamber of Greece (2002–2003), and member of the Administrative Board (1991–1993, 1993–1995, 1995–1997) and Secretary General (1997) of the State Agronomists Pan-Hellenic Union (PUSA). He was a member of the Administrative Board of the Organisation for the Authentication (certification) and Supervision of Agricultural Products (OPEKEPE) representing the Geotechnical Chamber of Greece (2004–2005).

He currently serves as an editorial member of several reputable journals including Water Reuse and Desalination (IWA Publishing), Environment and Pollution (Canadian Center of Science and Education), Journal of Environmental and Analytical Toxicology, International Journal of Water and Wastewater Treatment, Frontiers in Green and Environmental Chemistry, and Environments.

He is a member of the IWA and was President of the Organising and Scientific Committee of the IWA Symposium on Water, Wastewater, and Environment: Traditions and Culture (held on 22–24 March 2014 in Patras, Greece), and is a member of the interim Management Committee of the IWA Specialist Group on Water and Wastewater in Ancient Civilizations, a member of the WATERWiki Group, and a member of the IWA Working Group on the Environment.

Professor Kalavrouziotis has published 5 books and chapters, 95 peer-reviewed full research papers in international journals, 4 papers in national Greek journals, 66 international conference papers, 50 national conference papers, and more than 100 other articles in journals and newspapers with more than 2261 citations (Google scholar).